Discursive genres and text types

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Characteristics:

§ Topic
§ Structure
§ Style
§ Function

Discursive Genres
Text types
Purpose
Literary
Short story - Novel - Drama - Poetry - Fable Legend - Myth – TV script
Aesthetic
Journalism
News- Editorial - Chronicle -
Letter to the Editor - Classifieds
Informative
Scientific
Definition – Encyclopedia entry
Experiment report – Historial account
Informative
Humour
Comics - Joke - Graffitti
Aesthetic/Persuasive
Instructive
Directions - Law - Instructions - Recipe -
Rules
Persuasive/Informative
Advertising
Adverts - Commercials - Leaflets - Billboards
Persuasive
Letters
Letter - Application - Telegram -Postcard - Card
Informative/Expressive/
Persuasive
Visuals
Flowcharts - Diagrams - Graphs
Informative

Modes of writing:

Narrative: Narration is the telling of a story. The succession of events is given in chronological order. It consists of three parts: introduction, plot, conclusion.

Descriptive: A descriptive text is a text that wants you to picture what it is describing. A novel might want you to imagine the characters and see them in your mind. A travel book will want you to see the country it is describing.

Argumentative: It is based on the evaluation and judgement in answer to a problem. It refers to the reasons advanced for or against a matter.

Expository: It aims at an explanation of facts.

Conversational: It shows the verbal interaction among people.